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terça-feira, 16 de junho de 2015

How to Improve your English vocabulary.

8.How to improve your vocabulary in English.

Some people prefer to make vocabulary lists. Others prefer to write words repeatedly. On the other hand, some learners like to read. Which is the best way for you to learn and increase your vocabulary in English?


Giving advice

You should…
If I were you, I would…
Have you considered + V ING
Perhaps you could…
In your position I would…
Have you thought about…?
I advise you to…
It might be a good idea to…


Fairly well
Focus on
On your own

How to Improve your English vocabulary.

Adapted from – Tim Simmons.

Many students of English have the feeling that they have learned pretty much all the grammar they need. Many also feel that they can understand fairly well and speak and write at an acceptable level. But these same people sometimes feel that they’re missing something, and that they say the same things in the same way all the time.
In fact, once you have reached an intermediate level, vocabulary becomes more important than ever. You need to add more and more words and expressions to your stock of language so that you can take the next step up in proficiency. So how can you learn new words? What are the secrets of expanding your language ability?
First, let’s talk about materials, or what you use to learn English. You need to find good sources of English that will include words and expressions that will be useful to you. I strongly recommend you use both listening and reading materials. If you focus only on reading, as many students do, you won’t learn how language sounds and feels in your mouth. If you focus only on listening, you won’t know how it’s written.
So then what should you be listening to and reading? I have the answer, you want: resources that are relevant to your purpose, both in terms of context and topic. Let me explain what I mean. If your purpose is to improve your conversation and presentations skills to do your job as a salesperson, then use resources that teach you conversational English and the language of presentations. That’s the correct match for the context of your English development. And if your work as a salesperson is in the hi-tech sector, then find resources that include vocabulary related to technology. That’s the correct match for the topic of your studies.
I don’t mean that you should limit yourself to only the kinds of language that you’ll meet every day. Variety is important too, and you need to read and listen to things that are interesting to you, not just practical. There are not so many hours in a day, and if you’re like most people in business, you need to find what gives you the best results.
Now, I’ve mentioned what kind of resources you should look for, and you’ll notice that I didn’t mention anything that is specifically about vocabulary. I mean like a vocabulary book, or word lists. That’s because it’s best to study vocabulary in context. You might have memorized words and definitions for language tests in high school or university. But did that really teach you how to use those words? Did you really understand the kinds of situations that those words can be used in? Probably not, so instead of memorizing lists, study vocabulary in its natural environment, and it’ll be easier to incorporate new words into your own speaking and writing.
So, you have found some good resources, and you understand the importance of context, but when you read and listen, which words and expressions should you be learning? How do you choose the vocabulary that you should study? Well, a lot of good study materials will identify the useful vocabulary for you. And they might give you definitions and examples. So with the context and this added info, you’ve got something to work with.
But if you’re trying to choose vocabulary on your own, you should focus on two ideas: relevance and frequency. Put another way: words that suit your purpose and words that are common. Words that suit your purpose are those that are related to your work and your English output. If you never write formally in English, then a word like “hence” might not really be relevant to you. And if you work in finance, then a marketing term like “segmentation” might not be relevant. Words that are common are important, because you’ll hear them more often and they’ll be more useful. So although you might encounter the word “pip” and think it’s interesting, it’s very uncommon, and so you shouldn’t spent your mental energy trying to remember it. There are thousands of more common and more useful words that you should learn first.
The fact is, we can’t learn every word we meet. We need to pick and choose carefully, and that means focusing on what is relevant and common. And we’ll find what is relevant and common in reading and listening resources that have the right topic and language context.

Be critical.
What methods do you particularly use to learn a new word?
What are the main ideas presented in the text?
Do you agree with all methods presented in the text? Why?
What usual or unusual sources could be useful to learn new vocabulary in your opinion?
What advices would you give to a beginner English student?

Shopping - Conversation topic

3- Shopping

Do you like or you don’t like to go shopping? What products do you like/dislike shopping? Do you like to buy online? What are the advantages and disadvantages of doing this?

Showing Preference

I prefer
I’d prefer + V ing
I’d rather + V infinitive
I think we should
How about?
I like X better than Y
I feel like… V ing


Credit Card

Facts Every Online Shopper Must Know

With the emergence of the internet in the early 90s, a lot of things became possible to achieve, including online banking and online shopping or e-commerce. However, bad and insecure sites can be out there.
It is therefore very important for every shopper to be armed with the right information before shopping online so as to save the stress of regretting the purchase. 
So, here are some facts you must know in order to have a successful shopping experience.

1. Research the product

You must do a complete research on the product so that you have enough information about the products you intend purchasing. One of the advantages of doing a vast research on the kind of products you want is that it gives you the ability to locate the right kind of brands. By combining a lot of online stores, you become a smarter shopper. You can take advantage of the internet and its offers.

2. Product Reviews Always Help

If you have always ignored product reviews on several shopping sites, quit that attitude! Good product reviews are written for one thing: to give you an idea of what to expect when you actually start using the product. With this in mind, why should you ignore such reviews?

3. Compare Prices

There is an avalanche of stores for you to check different types of goods. Therefore without doubt, the availability of several other online stores makes it very easy for you to compare prices of these different products. This eventually helps you to arrive at the best product with the best price.


4. Take a look at the shipping period.

It is very important for you to know that there might be a delay in shipment. This can be due to several unforeseen circumstances on the path of the company, supplier or dealer.
Be aware that the product can delay. Therefore sometimes can be better to pay a little more in a store and receive it sooner than having to wait more time for it.

5. Be aware Of Fraud

To avoid being scammed while shopping online, it is important that you avoid making online purchases at unknown sites and online stores. Since we have to deal with credit card numbers and sensitive information, a reliable and safe site is essential to prevent fraud.
Verify the source you are buying from. This’ll help you ensure that you are not giving your account information to a crook that will end up stealing your money from your account.

Be critical about each point in the list:
Do you agree with your colleagues?
Do you agree with the list? Why?
What is your favorite kind of store?
What is the most expensive product you have ever bought?
How many times a week do people usually do grocery shopping?
What was the last thing that you bought?
Did you buy it on impulse or you really need it?
Do you consider yourself a consumerist?